Sensory integration and autism

Sensory integration refers to the process by which the brain receives, organizes and interprets sensory information from the environment and the body. This allows people to respond appropriately to sensory stimuli and adapt. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) It is a neurodevelopmental condition that often involves problems with sensory processing and integration. Many people with ASD Experience sensory processing challenges, meaning they may have unusual responses to sensory stimuli. These challenges can appear in different ways such as over-sensitivity (over-responsiveness) or under-sensitivity (under-responsiveness) to sensory inputs.

Common sensory areas that may be affected in people with ASD include:

  1. Hearing sensitivity: People with ASD may be extremely sensitive to sounds and react or show extreme discomfort in response to certain sounds. span,
  2. حساسیت بصری: برخی از افراد مبتلا بهASDممکن است به نورهای روشن، محرک های بصری شدید یا الگوهای خاص حساس باشند که منجر به ناراحتی بینایی یا رفتارهای اجتنابی می شود.
  3. حساسیت لمسی: حساسیت های حسی به لمس، بافت یا مواد لباس را می توان در افراد مبتلا بهASD witnessed. They may show aversion or seek certain tactile sensations.
  4. Vestibular sensitivity: The vestibular system, which is responsible for detecting movement and balance, can be impaired in people with ASD be affected They may have problems with coordination, balance, or be overly sensitive to certain types of movements.
  5. Proprioceptive sensitivity: Proprioceptiveness refers to the awareness of the position and movement of one’s body. Some people with ASD may have problems with proprioception, leading to problems with motor planning and coordination.

Sensory integration therapy, also known as sensory integration intervention or sensory integration-based therapy, is an approach designed to address sensory processing challenges in individuals with ASD. is used The goals of sensory integration therapy are to help people regulate sensory responses, improve sensory processing and integration, and increase their ability to participate in activities. It is daily.

Sensory integration therapy usually involves structured activities in a controlled sensory environment. These activities are designed to provide specific sensory input and help individuals moderate their responses to sensory stimuli. Therapy may include activities such as swinging, jumping, balancing, tactile play, and deep pressure.

It is important to note that the effectiveness of sensory integration therapy for people with ASD It is a topic that is being researched and discussed in this field. While some people may benefit from sensory integration therapy, results can vary and may not be appropriate or necessary for everyone. It is recommended to consult with a qualified occupational therapist or health care professional experienced in working with people with Consult ASD

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